Amphetamine is also referred to by many people as "uppers" and there is a good reason behind this. The reason is because the drug is used to arouse the nervous system so that it creates a sense of well being as well as euphoria. The people who use this drug become addicted to it vey fast and thus will require taking more dosage in order for them to become as high as the initial experience they had when they began using it. This is a drug that works as an appetite suppressant and is therefore sometimes prescribed to patients with obesity as a short term solution. This drug can also be prescribed for patients with ADHD-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and for narcolepsy. If a patient who has depression is not responding to other treatments, then he is prescribed amphetamine.
The drug works by escalating levels of dopamine as well as norepinephine in the mind. These two chemicals produce a feeling of pleasure.
When a person takes the drugs, it increases the user's heart rate as well as blood pressure. When this happens, the level of glucose in the blood increases and thus the respiratory pathway system opens up.
Increased levels of dopamine cause the user to have feelings of well-being or being high.
After some time the person will not be bale to experience this feeling of well being without having taken the drug.
After long term usage of the drug, the person brain becomes affected and thus leads to loss of memory and had difficulties in coordination.
If high doses of the drug are taken within a short period of time, it can cause the person to have paranoia.
After sometime suing the drug, the person will need to use higher dosage to become high and this means that they have already become addicted.
When a person uses high dosage of the medicine, it causes an increase in body temperature that can lead to confusion or convulsions and this can be very fatal sometimes.
The people who have become addicted to the drug get dental problems and Meth mouth is a word that describes the tooth decay that the addicts experience.
If an addict stops taking the drugs, they have withdrawal symptoms.
The short term side effects that the user will experience are; anorexia, elevated heartbeats, dizziness, hyperactivity, fatigue, blurred vision, dilated pupils, increased alertness, headache, lack of appetite, rapid breathing and restlessness. When a person has this short term side effects, it is an indication that they are supposed to stop using the drug. As soon as one notices they have these side effects, they should seek medical attention to avoid any further serious consequences.
If you have short term side effects and you ignore the call to stop taking the drugs, then you will develop long term side effects. When this happens such patients are more susceptible to getting Parkinson's disease because they will be affecting their central nervous system as well as their cardiovascular system. Some of the long term side effects are; schizophrenia, psychiatric disorders, psychosis, cognitive disorders and neurotoxicity.
After long usage of the drugs, the patient will resist any kind of drug treatments and this takes the chance of them getting treatment that ill better their lives. These effects are deadly and it is best to take precautionary measures to ensure that one does not become addicted to the drugs.
If an addict is seeking treatment, he will have to follow treatment that requires undergoing a detox phase. This is very important because the addicts are required to get rid of the drugs that are in their systems. When this happens, they get withdrawal symptoms that include; body aches and pains, irritability, cravings, increase in appetite and insomnia. This is a very crucial phase and it should be supervised by people who are well experienced in dealing with such types of addictions and who will be able to monitor their condition throughout the process. The withdrawal phase can last up to 14 days but this depends on how long the person has been using the drug and the amount they were ingesting.
As soon as the drug leaves their system, they are the required to check into a rehabilitation center that deals with amphetamine addicts. This way, they will be able to complete their recovery and therefore be able to live a normal and healthy life.