Codeine can be described as a prescription medication that is used to relieve a patient's pain. Many physicians prescribe this type of medication to patients who experience different types of mild to moderate pain. This prescription medication is also one of the most widely used in the world.
Codeine can be found in both cold and cough syrups. One of the main reasons for including it in cough syrups is because it interacts well with the central nervous system and controls the patient's cough responses. Even though this pain and cough reliever can be very effective for patients that choose to take it, these patients must be aware of all of the side effects involved. Which means, these patients will have to take this type of medication exactly as it is prescribed because it is also habit forming. Overuse or long-term use of codeine will create a physical and a psychological dependence on it.
When a patient starts taking this kind of medication inappropriately (i.e. more frequently than their physician has prescribed it or they may start to double or triple the amount that they should take at one time), an addiction to codeine can begin to set in. The actual side effects of a codeine addiction cannot be described as subtle, even though the initial side effects of this drug may not seem to be very serious.
One of the first excuses for taking additional dosages of codeine is the pain. This is also a warning sign that there is a problem and it is an addiction. As with any other types of addictive drugs, the need for these and other kinds of prescriptions can become physical as well as an emotional reality. Which means, these patients can also experience anxiety and cravings that will manifest itself into the actual need to take more of these drugs. Furthermore, since the way the person perceives this needs as a reality, it will also seriously interfere with their own ability to think plainly or function constructively (the side effects of this drug is similar to opiates).
Severe abdominal pain, headaches and back pain. In some situations, the withdrawal symptoms that an individual has can present itself as an emergency room situation. This means, without the medication, the person can go to the emergency room with severe pain in the stomach, head and their back. Physicians and medical professionals, however, that recognize and can associate the symptoms will know that the patient is having withdrawals instead of other associated illnesses or diseases.
Flu like symptoms, nausea and fatigue. When an individual has abused this prescription medication, they may not always be aware of it, since they can abuse it easily when trying to relieve their pain. Therefore, when they run out of the medicine and they no longer have access to it (i.e. they consume all of the medicine they the doctor has prescribed or the physician will not prescribe more medicine for a specific illness), they can start with a variety of different withdrawal symptoms. Some of these withdrawal symptoms include feeling like the person has a virus or some type of flu. For example, in these circumstances, the person's overall health is affected. They may start to feel extremely tired and they cannot function properly. They are often very sick to their stomach because of the nausea that is associated with the withdrawals. Most people will think that they have all of the signs of the flu. These symptoms will may lasts from 3 to 7 days. However, the actual timeframe is dependent on the amount of dependency on codeine.
Other codeine withdrawal symptoms. In addition to severe abdominal pain and nausea, other withdrawal type symptoms can vary widely from minor to very severe. Some of these symptoms may include involuntary muscle spasms, depression, sorrow, sweating, diarrhea, aggression, anxiety, various kinds of heart palpitations, aching body, sharp pains, sleeplessness, jerks, quivers, trembles, insomnia, hallucinations, violence, panic attacks and paranoia along with other visible symptoms. Furthermore, when the individual's brain is not getting whatever it is looking for (i.e. codeine or other drugs), it tells the individual that they are going to die. It will also make the person feel as if they are going to die.