The street name of the stimulant methylenedioxymethamphetamine or MDMA is Ecstasy. Generally, it is sold as pills and is usually cut with substances like caffeine, methamphetamine and BZP. Ecstasy creates its effects by stimulating serotonin secretion in the brain. It also inhibits the reuptake of dopamine and serotonin.
Often referred to as the 'love drug' because of the feelings that the users of the drug experience, Ecstasy produces other effects such as empathy, euphoria and openness and closeness to others, including strangers, as well. As Ecstasy increases the user's energy levels, it makes people want to keep moving or dancing. The drug is often used by people who frequent the nightclubs or the dance parties.
An Ecstasy high may last for several hours, but a crash can last for days. The user may feel depressed, experience difficulty in sleeping and feel fatigued or anxious. People who use Ecstasy can develop psychological dependence. They will find it very difficult to say no to the drug in situations they are used to taking it. However, there is little evidence to prove that the drug is physically addictive.
As users develop psychological dependence on Ecstasy, they start craving for the drug at particular times or in specific situations. Their use of Ecstasy may start causing problems for them in their day-to-day lives. Attempting to cut down on the use of the drug after developing psychological dependence will cause Ecstasy withdrawal symptoms such as sleeplessness, anxiety and panic attacks. The withdrawal symptoms are influenced by various factors such as mental, physical and emotional health of the user; other drugs being taken by the user and the amount of Ecstasy he/she has been taking. The withdrawal symptoms may also vary from one person to another.
Withdrawal symptoms are considered to be a key indicator as to whether a person is addicted to Ecstasy or not. The effects of withdrawal occur when the user does not receive his/her regular dose of Ecstasy. At this point the body starts exhibiting negative side effects. Ecstasy withdrawal symptoms occur when a person enters into Ecstasy detoxification as well. Detoxification is a process in which the user stops taking Ecstasy and allows the body to adjust to the situation without Ecstasy.
Ecstasy drug works in a specific way; it provides a high initially and then crashes down as the drug leaves the user's body. This causes withdrawal symptoms such as sweating, dilated pupils, flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite, weight loss, insomnia, dehydration, anxiety and depression. Ecstasy withdrawal symptoms may also contribute to exacerbation of medical conditions. Withdrawal symptoms may intensify in the first few days after stopping usage of the drug, but the symptoms gradually fade away as the user continues to abstain from the drug.
After marijuana, Ecstasy is the most commonly used recreational drug among the teens because of its easy availability. The drug induces mind altering effects. Infrequent use may not cause addiction. However, regular or prolonged use can cause the body of the user to develop tolerance to Ecstasy. As the body develops tolerance, increased quantity will be required to produce the same results. This leads to addiction. Most teens show signs of Ecstasy abuse such as late nights, problems at school that include skipping classes or poor grades, insomnia and irritability.
It is hard to resist the effects of Ecstasy, but one advantage is that it enables one to remember the negative effects that it brings about. According to CRC Health Group, the way in which Ecstasy interacts with the user's brain to process and create serotonin may cause teen Ecstasy abuse to result in serotonin deficiencies, leading to confusion, depression, panic, anxiety and problems related to sleep. Abuse of the drug can also cause paranoia, convulsions, psychosis and cognitive impairments.
Ecstasy withdrawal symptoms, specifically the most serious damages that it brings about because of its intake, can become permanent if they are not treated. A person using the drug must seek assistance before his/her habit assumes disastrous proportions and causes long-lasting emotional problems. In fact, it is not worth suffering a lifetime of depression and insomnia for a limited period of happiness in a party place. Users must remember that every time they take in excessive amounts of Ecstasy they are at risk for experiencing Ecstasy withdrawal symptoms as well as other negative effects.