The scientific name for ecstasy is methylenedioxymethamphetamine (3, 4-methylinedioxy-N-methylamphetamine). It is also commonly called as MDMA or the word ecstasy itself can be abbreviated as E, X or XTC. The drug had received a bad reputation since the very moment it was produced by a German company back in year 1913. Since then, production and distribution of MDMA was being prohibited by the laws of so many countries. However, the process and the chemicals needed for the production of ecstasy has never become a top secret enabling some people to take advantage for the ever increasing demand for the supply of ecstasy in the black market. Despite the strong reinforcement, the production of ecstasy is still considered rampant to some countries.
But how is ecstasy made? Is the process of making it as hard as pronouncing its scientific word? Continue reading and find out how.
Note that the following synthesis of MDMA is definitely not meant to be performed by a novice chemist. Even if the entire process is not that terribly complicated, the entire process will still require full knowledge and skills to smoothly come up with exceptional result. Things will be a lot better if a person who is planning to establish such illegal business acquires standard laboratory procedures reference manual or he should have taken courses in organic chemistry.
First is to prepare a well stirred cold mixture of 34g of hydrogen peroxide with the concentration level of 30% in a 150g of formic acid with the concentration level of 80%. The rest of the mixture is consisted of 32.4g of isosafrole as well as 120ml acetone with the rate that can keep the reaction of the mixture from exceeding 30 degrees Celsius.
The entire process of preparing the solution alone will most likely take more than one hour including external cooling which is very necessary. After preparing the mixture, it will then undergo long hours of stirring which can last for 16 hours. This process might seem to be a simple task since there are already machines that can take over the stirring. However, the person who will administer the process should monitor the exothermic reaction of the mixture so too much heating that might occur can be prevented. One way of doing so is putting an external bath with running water. During the process, the mixture will start to develop an orange color to deep red in color. When it's already red, all the volatile components shall be removed through vacuum and this can yield the amount of 60g of highly concentrated residue.
After collecting the residue, it will then be dissolved using 60ml of methanol or methyl alcohol treated with 360ml of sulfuric acid with 15% concentration and was heated for approximately 3 hours using a steam bath. After cooling, the mixture will be extracted using either benzene or diethyl either solutions. It is also necessary that the pooled extracts should be washed by water followed by diluted sodium hydroxide. Right after washing, the solvent should be removed using a vacuum to come up with 20.6g of 3,4-methylenedioxyphenylactone. The final residue can now be distilled at 2.0mm/108-112 degrees Celsius.
The final steps includes adding 23g of 3, 4-methylenedioxyphenylacetone to 65g of formamide. Heat the mixture under 190 degrees Celsius for five hours. Set it to cool down and add 100ml of water and benzene and let the vacuum evaporate the extract. Add 8 ml of methyl alcohol and 75ml sodium hydroxide with 15% concentration. It's somewhat like repeating the process but it is very necessary. Heat the mixture again for two hours and extract the solvent using the vacuum to get 11.7 g of 3, 4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) which is almost the finish product of the entire process. To produce MDMA, the chemist should substitute formamide with N-methylformamide.
The entire process on how ecstasy is made requires intensive effort and long hours in order to come up with quality pills. Due to its illegalities, the buyers do not really know if the ecstasy is pure but they would eventually know it when they are already using it. If a bell rings in their minds then that could probably be a good quality ecstasy.
Again, production and distribution of ecstasy is highly prohibited. Once caught, there will surely be corresponding consequences as set by the law. Keep in mind that the scope of this article is to inform you how ecstasy is being made and not to teach you how to make it. This is just some sort of overview and do not necessarily contain all the instructions as well as the equipments needed for the process.