Opium is a drug obtained from a type of plant called Opium Poppy. This potent stimulant is useful in relieving intense pain linked with medical procedures or various health conditions. The substance combines with the brain chemicals, and a person may begin to feel calm and relaxed. Opiates, though, are very addictive, and individuals should not use it without their doctor's prescription or recommendation. As users have become accustomed to the drug's effects, they may begin to crave for it frequently. Moreover, they are bound to suffer from numerous health issues with chronic use of the substance.
When a person decides to take the drug, he or she may experience pleasurable feelings due to substance. However, with frequent use, many individuals may become dependent on the drug, and they may experience undesirable symptom such as the following:
Opium tends to relax the intestinal muscles, so the entire digestive system may begin to malfunction. For instance, there may be a sudden inefficiency in the digestion of food and metabolism of nutrients. Some people may experience constipation, which can pose serious health concerns. When the stools have become quite hard, this can lead to impacted intestines. A rupture of bowels is likely to occur when a person fails to have this condition treated. Other negative side effects of the drug include vomiting, nausea, abdominal pains and cramps.
A person who uses opium frequently may experience dilation of pupils. They may also notice that their pupils have become smaller. Several opium users also have bloodshot eyes. When the pupils have become abnormally small, this can lead to vision problems such as night blindness and blurred vision.
Those who have become tolerant to the drug tend to take large doses of the substance until their body reacts differently. For instance, these people may suffer from breathing problems, and they may not be able to breathe efficiently and deeply. With shallow breaths, individuals end up having a bluish tinge on their skin, fingernails and lips. This condition is rather fatal because it is likely that a person may stop breathing because of insufficient supply of oxygen in the body.
Opium affects a person's heart and the entire cardiovascular system. A person may experience a slow heart rate and abnormally low blood pressure. These symptoms can cause severe discomfort to a person including loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue and exhaustion. The drug can also cause serious damages to the heart, as well as the brain and other body organs.
Aside from the body, the drug affects the central nervous system, which controls a person's thoughts, emotions and movement. With chronic use of the drug, these people may become lethargic during the comedown effects. They may also suffer from lightheadedness and sleepiness, which can be very dangerous when these people are driving or operating machinery. Psychological problems are also common among opium users, as they may become frequently nervous, agitated, paranoid, anxious, and depressed.
The drug has narcotic effects, and it tends to alter the functions of the brain receptors. This may lead to drastic changes when it comes to a person's ability to control body functions and involuntary movements or reflexes. These people may have slow responses, and most of them experience breathing difficulties. When the respiratory system has become suppressed, a poor supply of blood oxygen can lead to coma and death.
Several drug users are also characterized with rashes on their skin because of the excessive amount of histamine released in the body. They may sweat profusely, and the pupils may become constricted or pinpointed. Unlike with other drugs, the effects may be difficult to tell because some may not show evident signs unless they are already suffering from an overdose.
Those who wish to quit taking opium may experience withdrawal symptoms that can affect the quality of their life. These symptoms can be quite disturbing, so it is important that drug users obtain the right form of treatment. A drug-free or holistic therapy is the excellent choice because this can avoid additional side effects linked with various medications for drug abuse treatment.